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    Social Anxiety

    Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD), also known as social phobia, is a common mental health condition characterized by an intense fear of social situations and being judged or scrutinized by others. This fear can significantly impact daily functioning and quality of life. Here’s an in-depth look at Social Anxiety Disorder:

    Symptoms of Social Anxiety Disorder

    • Emotional Symptoms:

      • Intense fear of social situations.
      • Fear of being judged, humiliated, or embarrassed.
      • Worrying about upcoming social events for weeks or months in advance.
      • Avoidance of social situations or enduring them with intense fear or anxiety.
    • Physical Symptoms:

      • Blushing, sweating, or trembling.
      • Rapid heart rate.
      • Nausea or upset stomach.
      • Muscle tension.
      • Difficulty speaking or a shaky voice.
    • Cognitive Symptoms:

      • Negative self-talk and self-criticism.
      • Overestimating the likelihood of negative outcomes.
      • Ruminating over perceived mistakes after social interactions.
    • Behavioral Symptoms:

      • Avoiding social situations or activities.
      • Difficulty making eye contact.
      • Keeping conversations short and limited.
      • Seeking reassurance from others about how one is perceived.

    Common Triggers

    • Public speaking.
    • Meeting new people.
    • Eating or drinking in public.
    • Performing in front of others.
    • Using public restrooms.
    • Attending social gatherings or parties.

    Causes and Risk Factors

    • Genetics: A family history of anxiety disorders may increase the risk.
    • Brain Structure: Overactivity in the amygdala, the part of the brain that controls fear responses.
    • Environmental Factors: Negative experiences such as bullying, teasing, or rejection.
    • Personality: Individuals who are naturally shy or timid may be more prone to developing SAD.
    • Developmental Factors: Overprotective or controlling parenting styles.